Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (2023)

Welcome to Madras, Oregon!

This dreamy, little city in beautiful Central Oregon also dons a popular nickname, “The Basin” due to its location in an oval-shaped valley. If you dream of living in classic Oregon, then look no further than Madras. It’s here where folks can have their career by day and adventure by night and weekends. At your fingertips are all the fun adventures that Oregon can offer such as hiking, biking, golfing, fishing and more!

Madras is a perfect blend of adventure, aviation, agriculture, industry and family-oriented opportunities. Don’t be fooled by its remote location! If you need a change of scenery, and it’s magnificent scenery must I add, Madras is well worth it.

I want to take you on a small journey by sharing with you some of the best details about Madras, Oregon. If you are not convinced to move here when you finish reading this then, well, read it again!

Where is Madras, Oregon?

If you’re a geography guru and have never heard of Madras, Oregon before, don’t worry.

Madras is a hidden gem near Bend. You get sun, snow, great weather, and all 4 seasons.” – Recent Visitor

Madras is located in the central portion of the state. It’s approximately 123 miles southeast of Portland (2 hours and 27 minute drive) and has an elevation of 2,242 feet. If you fly into Portland and rent a car, you will have a beautiful drive up past Mt. Hood on Highway 26 and then down through places like the Kahneeta hot springs.

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (1)

The Population of Madras

Before you pick up and move house and home, you should have a basic understanding of the area’s population. That only makes sense, right?

Madras is often viewed as a small city or a large town: whichever fits your fancy. It has a population of 6,500 people. It’s definitely not New York City! (Considering that New York City has roughly 8 million people within its city limits, I think it’s safe to say that you can have a little breathing room in Madras. I’m just saying.)

If you enjoy statistics, I researched the population thoroughly and gathered some of these helpful numbers:

* Madras has 1,050 people per square mile.

* Madras’ median age for residents is 31.

* It has approximately 2.7 people per household.

* 39.1% of the population are married.

* 17.1% of the population are divorced.

* 39% of the population are single.

As you can see, Madras has a young population overall. It has a place for everyone whether you are single and ready to mingle, or married and desiring a great, wholesome place to raise your family.

Madras and Neighboring Towns

Ah, I always enjoy writing this part of the city assessment. Perhaps it’s due to my love of maps or my own personal itch to travel once every few weeks.


Before you permanently relocate anywhere, it is wise to learn the city’s location on the map and the neighboring towns or cities. You should familiarize yourself with the city’s county and gain a good idea of where you will be. Lucky for you that I have already compiled a list of Madras’ nearby towns and cities. Take a look at the list below:

(Video) Top 10 best Restaurants in Madras, Oregon

Cities and Towns near Madras:

  • Culver: 11 miles SW
  • Terrebonne: 17.5 miles SW
  • Redmond: 25 miles SW
  • Warm Springs: 20 miles NW
  • Bend: 38 miles SW
  • Prineville: 40 miles SE
  • Powell Butte: 25.5 miles SE
  • Maupin: 30.5 miles NW
  • The Dalles: 87 miles N
  • Portland: 98 miles NW

For your benefit, I also included the larger, but more distant, cities of Portland and The Dalles. It is always best to know where the area’s main cities are located. Speaking of larger cities, Bend is the largest city in close proximity to Madras.

Geographical Landscape and Climate for Madras

As I stated previously, Madras is nicknamed, “The Basin” due to its location in a circular-shaped valley. It is just east of the grand Cascade Mountains and sits in the high desert region of Jefferson County. The panoramic views of the white-tipped Cascade Mountains are something you will never get used to. The sights are so undeniably beautiful that it’s near impossible to take it for granted. In other words, the views never get old.

Geographically speaking, Madras straddles the famous The Dalles California Highway and the good, ole Warm Springs Highway.

Climatically speaking, the city enjoys the benefits of a steppe climate. This is a semi-arid climate where it is not as dry as a desert region but it is not plentiful in precipitation either. In fact, the town only receives an average of 11 inches or rain in a year’s time! To provide you a scale for comparison, the United States receives an average rainfall amount of 38 inches per year.

Keep in mind, though, that Madras also receives snow as well. In addition to its measly 11 inches of rainfall per year, it also receives 14 inches of snow per year. This still falls below the average snowfall rate for the United States as a whole, but it’s certainly more precipitation than a typical desert region climate.

Madras also has more cloudy days than sunny days with an average of 153 sunny days in a year’s time. For some people, that small detail doesn’t mean much, but for others, it means everything. We are all different!

As for temperatures, since Madras has a steppe climate, it’s rather comfortable. During the heat of summer in July, you can expect an average high temperature of 85 degrees Fahrenheit. During the coldest part of winter, you can expect an average low temperature of 25 degrees Fahrenheit.

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Outdoor Recreation in Madras

Madras is no stranger to recreational activities and adventure in the wide open spaces of Oregon Country! I cannot possibly go over every activity available, but I can certainly provide you with a few popular activities that many of the town’s visitors and residents partake in on the regular. So, let’s get started!

Activities Include:

  • Fishing

You haven’t experienced Oregon if you haven’t gone fishing. Oregonians love fishing so much that the city even offers a children’s fishing pond! However, fly fishing is particularly popular in addition to soaking up the impeccable nature views.

  • Hiking

There are plenty of trail systems in the city and the surrounding areas for you to enjoy. You can find easy, leisurely hiking trails or intense, adventurous hiking trails. The choice is up to you!

  • Rockhounding
  • Golfing
  • Biking
  • Winter Sports
  • Water Sports
  • Aviation

Madras’ residents love aviation. In fact, they have their own airport, The Madras Airport, that can support many aircrafts such as corporate jets to heavy aircraft. Even more interestingly, the airport was once a training center for B-17 pilots during World War II.

  • Mt. Jefferson Wilderness Area
  • Metolius Wild & Scenic River
  • Erickson Aircraft Collection
  • Indian Head Casino

. . . And so much more!

(Video) Top 10 Places To Visit In Oregon

The Economics of Madras

Okay, we had some fun with the last section. Now it’s time to brush over some of the city’s economical factors. Have you thought of your career options in Madras? Have you considered the tax rates and the cost of living? I have compiled a useful list of statistics to help you make your decisions. Check them out below!

Job Market Details

While you can find work in nearly every job sector in Madras, I’m going to cover only the three most popular job sectors in the town. The most employed job sector in Madras is the manufacturing sector with 14.8% of the population working in it. The second most popular job sector with 13% of the population employed is the retail sector. Finally, the third most popular job sector with 12.5% of the population employed is the healthcare and social assistance sector.

The Cost of Living

The cost of living in Madras is 84.6. This number is astronomically low given that the United States average cost of living is 100. This is to your benefit! It’s a very inexpensive place to live!

Median Home Price

The median home price in Madras is also very inexpensive at $170,000! This is for a typical three bedroom/two bath, single-family home.

Tax Rates

The tax rate for Madras as as follows:

  • Sales Tax: 0.0%
  • Income Tax: 9.0%

Average Income of Madras’ Residents

The average income for Madras’ residents is $19,500 per year. However, the median household income is $40,600 per year. These numbers fall slightly below the United States averages.

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (3)

The History of Madras

Madras was officially incorporated in 1910. However, the first and original filing for incorporation came in 1902 by Scandinavian native, John Palmehm. The town was originally named, “Palmain” in his honor. Unfortunately, the United States Postal Service rejected the town’s wishes to be officially named, “Palmain” as they stated it was too similar to another post office named, “Parmen”. Thus, the name, “Madras” was adopted instead. It’s said that the town was named for the Indian city of Madras, but there is much speculation to that detail.

As previously stated, shortly after its official incorporation, an army base was constructed nearby that served as a training headquarters for B-17 pilots during World War II. The city takes great pride in this part of their history and has an airport and aviation center where the history is shared.

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The real estate market is increasingly healthy in Madras at the moment. In fact, in the last decade, the home appreciation value has climbed by 9.3%. More and more people are finding tremendous value in the area and are happy to invest in its properties.

The median home cost in, as I mentioned earlier, is remarkably $170,000. This is for single-family home units with the typical three bedroom/two bath layouts. For the state of Oregon, this is one of the lowest home costs around. It’s safe to say that you get more for the buck in Madras.

Search Madras Real Estate Listings

The average age of houses in Madras is approximately 38 years. This is not that bad either! Everyone knows that when you purchase older houses from 60 and 70 years ago and longer, the repair work is often extensive. Once again, this works in your favor: Young homes means less start-up repairs which means less strain on the wallet.

Surprisingly, many residents in Madras rent their homes. Approximately 50.2% of the population live in rental homes! There’s plenty of rental homes to choose from whether you desire an apartment, a single-family house, or a condo.

Explore Neighborhoods in Madras

Moving to Madras can be a big decision for many, especially families. It is always good to research the different areas and neighborhoods before you make any kid of move. We are here to help with that process.

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Below is a list of the 9 different neighborhoods in Madras. Each neighborhood has a link to a page further talking about it.

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (5)


Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (6)

Golf Course Plain

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (7)

Bear Drive

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (8)

Dank Heights

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (9)

East Cascade

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (10)

Highway 222

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (11)


Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (12)

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The Pines

Madras Oregon Guide And Information | Visit Oregon (13)


Search Our Madras Real Estate Listings

We Look Forward to Seeing You in Madras!

Now that you’ve been given the brief overview of the lovely town of Madras, what do you say? Are you ready for that move? Spend the day in Madras and think about it more. You’ll meet friendly people and make new friends. Madras, Oregon has so much to offer!


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What is Madras Oregon famous for? ›

Located in Central Oregon, Madras offers high desert scenery and panoramic views of the magnificent Cascade Mountain Range with many outdoor recreation opportunities including cycling, fishing, golf, hiking, rockhounding, and water sports with winter sports just a short drive away.

Is Madras Oregon considered desert? ›

Geographical Landscape and Climate for Madras

It is just east of the grand Cascade Mountains and sits in the high desert region of Jefferson County.

How did the town of Madras Oregon get its name? ›

Madras, named after the city in India, was incorporated in 1911 and serves as the county seat. The first county courthouse was constructed in 1917 as the Madras City Hall.

Who owns the r2 Ranch in Madras Oregon? ›

Robert B. Pamplin, Jr. purchased his first ranch outside of Madras, Oregon for $40,000.

How many lighthouses are in Madras? ›

The 22 lighthouses in the Chennai Lighthouse district will be monitored and controlled from conveniently located positions termed as Remote Control Stations (RCSs).

What is it like living in Madras Oregon? ›

It is one of the top two worst cities in Oregon. It is an interesting place to live, with a higher minority population and a largely conservative white population. It doesn't have much nightlife. But it has some of the best landscape scenery in Oregon and is great for small-town farm life.

What mountain can you see from Madras Oregon? ›

Mount Jefferson is most clearly visible from Warm Springs and Madras.

How far is Madras Oregon from the coast? ›

Distance conversions
Distance typeMilesKilometers
Straight line distance165.07 mi265.66 km
Driving distance199 mi319.77 km

What is black town in Madras? ›

Fort St George began in 1640 as a fortified warehouse for the English East India Company. It was built by Francis Day. The township of native people that began to grow up around it was called the Black Town by the British.

What is the crime rate in Madras Oregon? ›

The Madras OR crime rate for 2018 was 187.89 per 100,000 population, a 50.86% decline from 2017. The Madras OR crime rate for 2017 was 382.35 per 100,000 population, a 17.05% increase from 2016.
Madras OR Crime Rate 2005-2018.
City NamePopulationRate
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What does Oregon mean in Native American? ›

The word "Oregon" is derived from a Shoshoni Indian ex. pression meaning, The River of the West, originating from the. two Shoshoni words "Ogwa," River and "Pe-on," West, or. "Ogwa Pe-on." The Sioux pronounced this word in the more.

What language is spoken in Madras? ›

Tamil is the language spoken by majority of people in Tamil Nadu. The Law of Official Language passed on 27.12. 1956 and published Tamil Nadu Government Gazette on 23rd January 1957. Accordingly, in the state confirmed that Tamil is official language in Tamil Nadu.

How is Madras known today? ›

Chennai was previously called Madras. Madras was the shortened name of the fishing village Madraspatnam, where the British East India Company built a fort and factory (trading post) in 1639–40. Tamil Nadu officially changed the name of the city to Chennai in 1996.

What is Madras also known as? ›

Chennai, originally known as Madras Patnam, was located in the province of Tondaimandalam, an area lying between Pennar river of Nellore and the Pennar river of Cuddalore. The capital of the province was Kancheepuram.

What is the largest private ranch in Oregon? ›

The Whitehorse Ranch has been continuously operated as a cattle ranch since 1869. Today, it includes 63,222 acres (255.85 km2) of deeded property. The ranch also has Bureau of Land Management grazing allotments that allow its livestock to graze on 287,205 acres (1,162.28 km2) of public range land.

How many acres is the R2 Ranch in Madras Oregon? ›

R2 Ranch is a 60,000-acre property that serves as a cattle and alfalfa ranch. According to a profile in the Angus Beef Bulletin in January 2010, the R2 Ranch has more than 750 cows and Angus bulls. The ranch is owned by Robert Pamplin Jr., who also owns R.B.

Who owns largest continuous ranch in the United States? ›

It was notable for being the largest ranch within one fence in the United States. It was originally established in 1852 near Vernon, Texas, by Daniel Waggoner under the name of Dan Waggoner & Son; his son being William Thomas Waggoner.
Waggoner Ranch.
W. T. Waggoner Estate
OwnerStan Kroenke
Grounds510,527 acres
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Can we go inside lighthouse? ›

To visit the Lighthouse in Chennai, you need to pay INR 10 per person for adults and INR 5 per person for children below 12 years. For foreigners, there is an entry charge of INR 25 per head. It welcomes its tourists from 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM and from 3:00 PM to 5:00 PM on all days of the week except Monday.

Where are the 3 black lighthouses? ›

It is one of three black lighthouses in the world, and the only one in the Southern Hemisphere.
Queenscliff High Light.
LocationPort Phillip Victoria Australia
Coordinates38°16′17.6″S 144°39′42.6″E
Constructed1843 (first)
Constructionbluestone tower
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Where is the most beautiful lighthouse in the world? ›

World's most beautiful lighthouses
  • Tower of Hercules, Spain. ...
  • Fanad Lighthouse, Ireland. ...
  • Chania Lighthouse, Greece. ...
  • Mouro Island Lighthouse, Spain. ...
  • Heceta Head Lighthouse, USA. ...
  • Kovalam Beach Lighthouse, India. ...
  • Neist Point Lighthouse, Scotland. ...
  • Les Éclaireurs Lighthouse, Argentina.
Mar 3, 2021

How much money do you need to live comfortably in Oregon? ›

Typical Expenses
0 Children0 Children
Required annual income after taxes$31,374$46,619
Annual taxes$9,213$13,690
Required annual income before taxes$40,587$60,310
7 more rows

What are the 3 mountains near Portland? ›

Mount Hood, Mount Saint Helens, and Mount Adams are visible when the clouds are high and the atmosphere is clear.

Which mountain is Witch mountain? ›

Witch Mountain is a mountain in the Three Gorges region of China, which hides a trap system devised by Laozi to conceal the Philosopher's Stone.

Where is 3 sisters mountain? ›

The Three Sisters are at the boundary of Lane and Deschutes counties and the Willamette and Deschutes national forests in the U.S. state of Oregon, about 10 miles (16 km) south of the nearest town of Sisters. The three peaks are the third-, fourth-, and fifth-highest in Oregon, and contain 16 named glaciers.

What is the best month to visit the Oregon Coast? ›

The best month for the coast is usually September, with good weather often holding on into October. In the Cascades and eastern Oregon's Blue, Elkhorn, and Wallowa mountains, snowfall is heavy in the winter and skiing is a popular sport.

What is white town in Madras? ›

George (or historically, White Town) is a fortress in the coastal city of Chennai, India. Founded in 1639, it was the first English (later British) fortress in India. The construction of the fort provided the impetus for further settlements and trading activity, in what was originally an uninhabited land.

Who lived in the white areas in Madras? ›

Indians lived in the “black” areas, while the British lived in well-laidout “white” areas.

Why is it called Black Town? ›

The City of Blacktown is home to 8195 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the second highest after Campbelltown, and holds strong cultural significance. The area was known in the 1820's as, 'The Blacks Town', because it was home to a school for Aboriginal children, dubbed The Black Town Native Institute.

What is the safest town on the Oregon coast? ›

Oregon's 20 Safest Cities of 2022
  • Monmouth.
  • Lake Oswego.
  • Independence.
  • Milwaukie.
  • Lebanon.
  • Bend.
  • Silverton.
  • Keizer.
Mar 9, 2022

What is the safest place in Oregon? ›

Oregon's safest community is Newberg-Dundee, actually two cities in the Portland area combined for statistical purposes. Newberg-Dundee logged an impressive violent crime rate of 1.42 per 1,000 inhabitants. Lake Oswego is Oregon's second safest city.

What is the most common crime in Oregon? ›

Larceny. On average, larceny is the most committed crime across the state of Oregon, making up nearly three-quarters of all crimes committed statewide.

What is a female Native American called? ›

In most colonial texts squaw was used as a general word for Indigenous women.

What was Oregon originally called? ›

— Before Oregon was the 33rd state admitted to the United States in 1859, it was known as the Oregon Territory, and before that, the Oregon Country.

What do most Native Americans call themselves? ›

The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name. In the United States, Native American has been widely used but is falling out of favor with some groups, and the terms American Indian or Indigenous American are preferred by many Native people.

What does Madras translate to in English? ›

madras in American English

1. a fine, firm cotton cloth, usually striped or plaid, used for shirts, dresses, etc.

Who is the owner of Madras? ›

Andrew Cogan and Francis Day can be considered the founders of Madras. Various areas which are now part of the city of Madras like Triplicane, Nungambakkam, Purasawalkam, Mylapore, Chennapatnam, etc. were later on added by the British in the 18th and early 19th centuries.

What is Madras culture? ›

The Madrasian culture is a prehistoric archaeological culture of the Indian subcontinent, dated to the Lower Paleolithic, the earliest subdivision of the Stone Age.

What is Madras special for? ›

Home to temples, dosa and beaches, it is also a place where history has been made. Here are 10 things unique to wonderful Chennai. Chennai has many beautiful beaches — Besant Nagar, Thiruvanmiyur, Covelong and more. However, the Marina Beach gains prominence as it is the world's second largest urban beach.

What is Madras famous for? ›

Ancient temples, vibrant arts, natural wonders and a bustling culinary scene make Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, one of the most popular tourist destinations in the southern fringes of the country. Located on the Coromandel Coast, this busy metropolis was formerly called Madras.

What is Madras known for? ›

Today, modern Chennai, formerly known as Madras is a large cultural, commercial and industrial centre, and is known for its cultural heritage and temple architecture.

What was the factory in Madras called? ›

The factory was called Fort St George and rapidly grew in importance as a centre for the Company's trading activity in the east, replacing Bantam in 1682 as the headquarters of the eastern trade.

Why did they rename Madras? ›

Share it now! On July 17 1996, the city of Madras was officially christened as Chennai by the state government of Tamil Nadu; and in doing so, it broke free from the centuries-old legacy stamped by British colonisers who acquired the coastal region and made it their southern headquarters in the mid-sixteenth century.

Why is Madras Oregon called Madras? ›

Palmehn, for whom the town was originally named "Palmain". The name was rejected by the U.S. Postal Service over its similarity to a post office named Parmen, and the name "Madras" was adopted, inspired by the cloth fabric of the same name, itself named for the city of Madras (now Chennai) in India.

What is Madras known now? ›

Chennai, originally known as Madras Patnam, was located in the province of Tondaimandalam, an area lying between Pennar river of Nellore and the Pennar river of Cuddalore. The capital of the province was Kancheepuram.

What is Salem Oregon most known for? ›

Salem is the garden capital of Oregon, filled with public gardens, private gardens and garden spaces at area nurseries that all come alive each spring. Stop by Deepwood Museum & Gardens, Gaiety Hollow, Schreiner's Iris Garden or any of the other beautiful spaces around town.

What is Madras called in English? ›

Chennai (/ˈtʃɛnaɪ/ ( listen), Tamil: [ˈt͡ɕenːaɪ̯]), formerly known as Madras, is the capital city of Tamil Nadu, the southernmost Indian state. It is the state's largest city in area and population, and is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal.

Is Madras a good place to live? ›

It is one of the top two worst cities in Oregon. It is an interesting place to live, with a higher minority population and a largely conservative white population. It doesn't have much nightlife. But it has some of the best landscape scenery in Oregon and is great for small-town farm life.

Why does Madras eye come? ›

It is caused either by a bacteria or by a virus. Madras Eye infection spreads rapidly among people. It spreads through secretions from the eye. One of the most common habits of people suffering from Conjunctivitis is touching their eye.

When did Madras become popular? ›

Madras patterns are considered a staple of the summer wardrobe of prep style enthusiasts. The pattern became very popular in the 1960s in the form of shirts, pants, and jackets, when in fact it had been around for much longer.

How do you spend a day in Salem Oregon? ›

20 Things To Do In Salem, Oregon
  1. 1- Go To The EZE. ...
  2. 2- Visit The Oregon State Capitol Building.
  3. 3- See Waterfalls At Silver Falls State Park.
  4. 4- Go To Riverfront City Park.
  5. 5- Spend A Day At The Reed Opera House.
  6. 6- Learn About History At The Willamette Heritage Center.
  7. 7- Take A Day Trip To Mount Hood.
Oct 29, 2022

Why is Salem a tourist attraction? ›

Salem was made infamous by the 1692 "Salem Witch Trials," a series of events that captivate the world to this day. Twenty people were executed during this time for supposed “witchcraft,” and Salem is home to a wealth of information on the subject.

Is there a lot to do in Salem Oregon? ›

It's a city that boasts many unique attractions, including a gilded Oregon Pioneer atop the State Capitol building overlooking the surrounding landscape. Visiting public gardens, children's museums, and riverfront carousels are some of the many fun things to do in Salem.


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